Temple was the cousin of Frank Coulthurst who is also named on our memorial. Their fathers were brothers George and James respectively, who were two sons of James Coulthurst Gamekeeper of Normanby (1861 Census).
Born in 1885 in Bayswater, London the eldest son of George (Purveyor of Meat) and his wife Ann. The 1901 census finds Temple along with his younger brother Stuart (b.1887) as student boarders at Brighton Prep Grammar and Commercial School for the Sons of Tradesmen, 78/79 Buckingham Rd., Brighton. In charge at that time was Thomas Reed who was Head from 1899 - 1924.
On 14th December 1903 there is a reference to Temple in Old Bailey Records as a witness for his employers, Messers Hockley & Twig, Central Meat Market against a gentleman who had, in today's parlance, bounced a cheque.
1911 finds Temple (Meat Buyer) living and I believe likely working at 51 Duke St, Marylebone, as also living at the same address with Temple as the head are Leonard Bright Fish and Poultry Buyer, Marian Seagars Secretary, Amy Bushall Manageress and Margaret Saugster Housekeeper.
The Honourable Artillery Company
Find out more here www.hac.org.uk
Temple had joined the HAC in 1906 and served as a Captain. The HAC is the oldest regiment in the British Army and origins date back to 1537. In 1908 the HAC became a Territorial Unit. During WW1 13,000 men served in the HAC units, 4,000 (incl.Temple) were commissioned to other units. 1,600 were recorded as casualties.
After 7 years he resigned on 25th May 1913 only to join again in 1914. The address on both admission records of 1906 and 1914 was Prescott House, Ealing.
On records I note he was recorded as WO374 which meant he had been listed on an index of those who had served as Officers pre war. His HAC number was 1289 and he was described as 5ft 8" tall DOB 25/3/85. Obviously he was then commissioned into the Duke of Wellington's 6th Bn. (West Riding Regiment) as a 2nd Lieutenant and then acting Captain.
The Duke of Wellington's 6th Bn. (West Riding Regiment)
1/6th Bn. Were raised at Skipton in Craven and on mobilisation were moved to coastal defenses around Hull and Grimsby. 5th November 1914 saw them moved to billets at Doncaster. I wonder whether during this time Temple was able to visit his Grandparents in Normanby and his other local Coulthurst relatives? By the 14th April 1915 they had landed at Boulogne.
Find out more about this Regiment here www.dwr.org.uk
Two other references to Temple are below.
London Gazette 19th February 1915
6th Bn. The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) ; Private Temple Coulthurst, from the Honourable Artillery Company, to be Second Lieutenant. Dated 15th December 1914.
Hospital Admissions & Discharge Army Medical Records 1916
DofWel. Coulthurst, Temple - Age 30 - 2nd Lieu/Act. Capt. - Admitted 8/1/16 - Debility - Discharged - 29/1/16 - Trans. to Royal Free.
Within sight of the end of the war Temple was lost on 11th October 1918.
He is also commemorated on the Roll of Honour at St. Peter, Ealing www.stpeterealing.org.uk
His younger sister Winifred (1889) who married a Henry Arthur Steel named their son Temple.
Record Details for Temple Coulthurst
|Family Info:||Son of George and Ann Coulthurst of Paddington, London|
|Regiment:||Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)|
|Grave:||WELLINGTON CEMETERY, RIEUX-EN-CAMBRESIS - I. F. 8.|
Use the interactive map to view the location of Temple Coulthurst's Grave. You can view all the graves, memorials and benches by downloading our KML file which can be viewed in Google Earth and other mapping software.
Remembered with Honour.